Current Affairs

About Us

All five Central Asian countries, namely Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, are being invited by New Delhi as the Republic Day guest

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), also known as the Shanghai Pact,[2] is an Eurasian political, economic, and security alliance. It is the world's largest regional organization in geographic scope and population, covering three-fifths of the Eurasian continent, 40% of the world population, and more than 20% of global GDP 

 

The SCO is the successor to the Shanghai Five, a mutual security agreement formed in 1996 between China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, and Tajikistan. On 15 June 2001 

 

Uzbekistan joined the organization in 2001, following this the Shanghai Five was renamed the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) 

India and Pakistan became members in 2017 

 

The SCO’s official languages are Russian and Chinese

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), also known as the Shanghai Pact,[2] is an Eurasian political, economic, and security alliance. It is the world's largest regional organization in geographic scope and population, covering three-fifths of the Eurasian continent, 40% of the world population, and more than 20% of global GDP 

 

The SCO is the successor to the Shanghai Five, a mutual security agreement formed in 1996 between China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, and Tajikistan. On 15 June 2001 

 

Uzbekistan joined the organization in 2001, following this the Shanghai Five was renamed the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) 

India and Pakistan became members in 2017 

 

The SCO’s official languages are Russian and Chinese

UPCOMING SUMMITS 

 

16–17 September 2021 Tajikistan Dushanbe 

15–16 September 2022 Uzbekistan Samarkand 

Tajikistan:it is also located in proximity to the Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK). Moreover, developments in Afghanistan and Pakistan have serious security implications for both India and Tajikistan. In addition to its strategic location, Tajikistan is rich in hydroelectric power and has the largest natural water resources in the region. 

 

Farkhor airbase is a very important asset of the Indian armed forces both strategically and geopolitically. 

Turkmenistan:- The importance of Turkmenistan for India lies in its enormous gas reserves, transit potential, and geo-strategic location. India’s rising energy demand and the fact that it imports 70 percent of its oil requirements, which is likely to go up to 90 percent by 2025, has made Turkmenistan an attractive destination for India and in this context, the TAPI gas pipeline is of great significance 

 

Uzbekistan:- Uzbekistan has been appreciative of India’s reconstruction efforts in Afghanistan and supports India’s candidature for full membership in the SCO and UNSC. The two countries cooperate in diverse sectors, ranging from coal gasification, oil and gas, banking, pharmaceuticals, textiles, science and technology, standardization, small and medium enterprises, and tourism. 

 

Kyrgyzstan : sending a team to train Kyrgyz armed forces in UN peacekeeping operations and imparting English language skills. India and Kyrgyzstan have also signed MoUs for cooperation in research and development in high altitude base agriculture, plantation, animal husbandry, poultry, education, sports, culture, IT, health, S&T, and food processing 

 

The INSTC (International North-South Transport Corridor) is a multi-modal trade transport network that includes rail, road, and water transport from Mumbai in India via Bandar Abbas in Iran to Moscow in Russia.

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations, or ASEAN, was established on 8 August 1967 in Bangkok, Thailand, with the signing of the ASEAN Declaration (Bangkok Declaration) 

 

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a regional grouping that promotes economic, political, and security cooperation among its ten members: Brunei, Cambodia,

EWS QUOTA 

The One Hundred and Third Amendment of the Constitution of India, officially known as the Constitution (One Hundred and Third Amendment) Act, 2019, introduces a 10% reservation for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) of society for admission to Central Government-run educational institutions and private educational institutions (except for minority educational institutions), and for employment in Central Government jobs. 

 

Currently, the quota can be availed by persons with an annual gross household income of up to ₹8 lakh. Families that own over 5 acres of agricultural land, a house over 1,000 square feet, a plot of over 100-yards in a notified municipal area, or over a 200-yards plot in a non-notified municipal area cannot avail the reservation Persons belonging to communities that already have reservations such as Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and the "creamy layer" of Other Backward Classes are also not eligible for reservation under this quota.

The genesis of the debate was in 1980, when the Second Backward Classes Committee, headed by BP Mandal, submitted its report. The report recommended 27 percent reservation for Other Backward Classes (OBCs) and 22.5 percent for the Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes. 

 

The Central government, however, acted on the report a decade later, by issuing an office memorandum (OM), providing 27 percent vacancies for Socially and Educationally Backward Classes to be filled by direct recruitment. 

the Supreme Court, in its verdict, upheld the government order, being of the opinion that caste was an acceptable indicator of backwardness.[8] Thus, the recommendation of reservations for OBCs in central government services was finally implemented in 1992.[9] The Supreme Court of India gave verdict that 27% central government reservation for OBCs is valid 

Indra Sawhney & Others v. Union of India (also known as the Mandal verdict) was an Indian public interest litigation case

Indonesia, Laos,

Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam

The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation is the regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union of states in South Asia. Its member states are Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. 

Founded: 8 December 1985, Dhaka, Bangladesh 

The Headquarters and Secretariat of the Association are at Kathmandu, Nepal

Gulf Cooperation Council is a regional, intergovernmental political and economic union that consists of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. The council's main headquarter is in the city of Riyadh in Saudi Arabia. 

25 May 1981 established

Article 16(4) states, “Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any provision for the reservation of appointments or posts in favour of any backward class of citizens which, in the opinion of the State, is not adequately represented in the services under the State.” 

Article 15(4) capacitates the state to create special arrangements for promoting the interests and welfare of socially and educationally backward classes of the society such as SC and STs

The Constitution of India's One Hundred and Fourth Amendment (104th Constitutional Amendment Act) extended by ten years the deadline for the cessation of reservation of seats in the Lok Sabha and state legislative assemblies for members of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes

MSP 

Minimum Support Price (MSP) is a form of market intervention by the Government of India to insure agricultural producers against any sharp fall in farm prices. The minimum support prices are announced by the Government of India at the beginning of the sowing season for certain crops on the basis of the recommendations of the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP). 

In formulating the recommendations in respect of the level of minimum support prices and other non-price measures, the Commission takes into account, apart from a comprehensive view of the entire structure of the economy of a particular commodity or group of commodities, the following factors:- 

  • Cost of production
  • Changes in input prices
  • Trends in market prices
  • Demand and supply
  • Inter-crop price parity
  • Effect on general price level
  • International price situation

Government announces minimum support prices (MSPs) for 22 mandated crops and fair and remunerative price (FRP) for sugarcane. The mandated crops are 14 crops of the kharif season, 6 rabi crops and two other commercial crops. In addition, the MSPs of toria and de-husked coconut are fixed on the basis of the MSPs of rapeseed/mustard and copra, respectively. The list of crops are as follows. Cereals (7) - paddy, wheat, barley, jowar, bajra, maize and ragi 

  • Pulses (5) - gram, arhar/tur, moong, urad, and lentil
  • Oilseeds (8) - groundnut, rapeseed/mustard, toria, soyabean, sunflower seed, sesamum, safflower seed and niger seed
  • Raw cotton
  • Raw jute
  • Copra
  • De-husked coconut
  • Sugarcane (Fair and remunerative price)
  • Virginia flu cured (VFC) tobacco

CACP recommends MSP of 23 crops But MSP is declared for 25 crops including Sugarcane The CACP further projects three kinds of production costs for every crop, both at state and all-India average levels. ‘A2’ covers all paid-out costs directly incurred by the farmer — in cash and kind — on seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, hired labour, leased-in land, fuel, irrigation, etc. ‘A2+FL’ includes A2 plus an imputed value of unpaid family labour.

NJAC AND JUDICIAL APPOINTMENTS 

The provisions of the Constitution dealing with appointment and transfer of judges again came up for review in S.P. Gupta Vs. Union of India2(First Judges Case). In the said case, it was held by the Apex Court that the opinion of the Chief Justice did not have primacy and the Union Government was not bound to act in accordance with the opinion of the constitutional functionaries as the Executive was accountable, and the Judiciary had no accountability. 

 

Second Judges Case of 1993: The Case accorded primacy to the CJI in matters of appointment and transfers while also ruling that the term “consultation” would not diminish the primary role of the CJI in judicial appointments 

Collegium - In the Third Judges Case, 1998 the court clarified that the collegium would comprise CJI and four senior-most colleagues, in appointments to the Supreme Court. 

 

National Judicial Appointments Commission was a proposed body that would have been responsible for the recruitment, appointment, and transfer of judicial officers, legal officers, and legal employees under Government of India and in all state government of India 

In 2015, the Constitution Bench (4:1 Majority) of the Supreme Court declared the 99th Constitutional Amendment and National Judicial Commission (NJAC) unconstitutional on the ground that it violates the Basic Structure of the Constitution of India 

Article 217 of the Constitution: It states that the Judge of a High Court shall be appointed by the President in consultation with the Chief Justice of India (CJI), the Governor of the State. In the case of appointment of a Judge other than the Chief Justice, the Chief Justice of the High Court is consulted 

The Chief Justice of India and the Judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President under clause (2) of Article 124 of the Constitution. 

 

IRAN NUCLEAR DEAL 

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, known commonly as the Iran nuclear deal or Iran deal, is an agreement on the Iranian nuclear program reached in Vienna on 14 July 2015, between Iran and the P5+1 together with the European Union

Youtube

Facebook

instagram

Twitter
Facebook
Instagram
Hosabelaku TAPASSU IAS Academy

SOCIALS

Twitter

Hosabeleku Tapassu IAS Academy provides a paradigm shift in preparation for the Indian Civil Service Exams. We are an organisation born out of earnest desire to ensure that each of the aspiring candidates gets a job with the Government. The good news is that over 300 of our aspirants are posted in various Government departments. At the academy, we customise each aspirant's schedule by adopting the latest technology that not only brings out the best in each candidate but also strives to instil the much-needed competitive streak in them.. Read More

Youtube

Quick Links

Terms of use

Copyright ©2021 All rights reserved |  Clinx.in  

Whatsapp